Actus reus is a Latin word which in simpler terms means the element of criminal responsibility.  Actus reus consist of the conduct, an omission, result and the state of affairs. Actus reus literally means the guilty act which refers to the overt act. The actus Reus is a summary of the circumstances and repercussions that are recognized for the liability of the committed offense.   In actus reus, the accused conduct must be voluntary and incur liability.   In order to constitute a criminal act, actus reus and mens era must occur simultaneously. Actus Reus phrase is used when there is a proof that the person prosecuted in liable to criminal punishment.  The actus reus is a valid source of law.  A person is said to have committed actus reus if the type of crime is prohibited by the law.

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