5TH AMENDMENTS AND MIRANDA WARNINGS

5th amendments and Miranda warnings are used to protect the constitutional rights of an individual. Miranda warnings came to place after the Miranda v. Arizona case. After the US Supreme Court in 1966 decided a case of Miranda v. Arizona, they declared that the person in police custody and before questioning must be informed of the  5th amendment. The 5th amendment helps a suspect in making the self-incriminating statements.  It is very important that everybody in police custody is informed of the Miranda warnings before being questioned. To begin with, suspects must be told that they have right to remain silent, have right to have an attorney, anything said can be used against the court of law and if one cannot afford an attorney, one will be provided by the government at its own cost. If a police officer questions suspects without first informing of the Miranda rights, the confession made is termed as involuntary and cannot be used against in the court of law. In case a suspect feels that the Miranda right has been violated, and can have an impact in the case.  Suspects are advised to have strong criminal lawyers in every criminal case. In simpler terms, the Miranda warnings have an extension of the 5th amendment rights. The best-known provision of the 5th amendment is right against the self- incrimination.  Self-incrimination means that you do not have to talk to police or when testifying in a trial where there is evidence that you committed a crime.  Some of the text of 5th amendments is that no one shall be held to answer for an infamous crime unless where on the presentment of the grand jury. The main difference between the 5th amendments and Miranda warnings is that the 5th amendment is the law that protects the suspects from being forced to incriminate themselves while the Miranda warnings are normally given by the police.

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