Employment law is a type of law that governs the duties and right of the employer and employee. Employment law can also be called labor law. Employment laws are designed to keep the employees safe and to make sure that they receive a fair treatment. Employment law also protects the rights of the employers. The employment law is based on the legislation, the Federal and State constitutions, the administrative rules and the court opinions. The Federal law has a baseline of rules that deal with employment disputes. On another side, State law passes laws that provide more protection to the parties. Sometimes, the employment law is also governed by the contract. The first law was passed in the early 20th century and it was aimed to compensate the injured employees, set up a minimum wage of the employees, outlawing the child labor and creating standard working hours. Between the 1960s and 1970s, the Congress acted hard to prohibit the discrimination among the employees and unsafe work conditions. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 terms ti illegal to treat the workers differently either based on religion, ethnicity, age or disability. One is allowed to hire an attorney to pursue the discrimination claims. Wage and hour laws are well known for regulating the overtime pay. The Federal government has no limits of working hours to adults, but after covering 40 hours the extra must be paid half of the wage. There are rules that control the working hours of employees who have not attained the age of 18 years. The wage and hour laws require an employee to post notices and keep payroll records. Where the employee has to sign the employment contract, it is advisable to call upon the court to interpret the meaning of specific clauses used. Pensions are also covered in employment law.