FREDERICK LAW OLMSTED

Frederick Law Olmsted a member of eighteen generation was born in Hartford in 1822.  He was the first to acknowledge landscape architecture as both a fine art and profession.   Frederick Law Olmsted was sent by his father to receive education from the clergymen who were living in surrounding countryside. In 1837, Frederick was prevented from entering the Yale college and he spent time traveling and working as a successful farmer, writer, business person and a journalist.  Frederick Law Olmsted’s landscape career started in 1857 when he won the competition for the design of the New York City central park together with Calvert Vaux.  Frederick served as an architect- in- chief of the park and he also held the place as director of US sanitary commission during the time of civil war. He also served as a manager of the large California gold mine.  Frederick Law Olmsted was commissioned to design the enlarged grounds of US Capital.  He represented a plan for advanced landscape highlighting surrounding building in 1874 where his design incorporated the park-like edging, simple shrubs, the low walls and the lamps.  He later added summerhouse in the design that was meant to give visitors with a drinking fountain.  Frederick’s new design provided the strong visual foundation for the building and committee rooms.  The new library building was authorized in 1886 and later approved.  Frederick Law Olmsted retired in 1895 after 38 years of his career. He completed various projects like residential suburbs, city squares and park systems to name but a few.  He died in 1903 and he was succeeded by his sons Frederick Law Olmsted Junior and John Charles Olmsted. 

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