MARITIME LAW

Maritime law is also known as admiralty law. The maritime law consists of statutes and case precedents that regulate all legal disputes that concern navigable waters.  Navigable waters are water bodies used for foreign commerce or intestate. The large rivers that flow to the ocean or that cross the State line fall within the maritime jurisdiction.  The factual scenarios that deals with maritime include commercial accidents that result from the damages of the cargo, the spills of hazardous materials and seamen injuries. The Jones Act set the right of the injury victims who qualify as seamen.  Seamen can be defined as a male or a female crew member whose services meets certain Act requirements.  In the Jones Act is applied, the injured member is entitled to injury trial.   Maritime law applies to criminal and piracy activities that liens against ship and towage contracts. Due to the increased some cases, the jurisdictions have been upheld in the recreational boating accidents that may occur in navigable waters.  Cases that relate to the maritime law are heard in the Federal court which is pursuant to Article III, section 2 of the US constitution.  Congress enacts the maritime law in accordance with the constitutional authority where the commerce within the foreign countries and States are regulated.  The cargo shipping is conducted in an open ocean.  The Carriage of Goods by Sea Act made part of lading bill and limits the ship owner’s liability to $ 500 per container.  The maritime law deal with the disputes that concern salvage awards.  According to the law, a rescuer is entitled to a reward for taking the risk that is necessary to conduct a salvage. Reward size can be determined by a contract through the court will decide based on the value of the property.  Personal injuries that are regulated by the maritime law requires an attorney who specializes in such matters. 

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