INDIAN LAW

 

According to the history, Ancient India represented a traditional law. Indian law is the system of the law that is practiced in India. Indian law is well documented.  India has a mixture of civil law, common law, and the customary law.  These forms were inherited since the colonial period.  The Indian law adheres to the guidance of the United Nations which are a concern with the human rights and the environmental law.  The Indian law also enforces some of the international trade laws.  In India, each religion adheres to its own laws and this makes the personal law to be complex.  Registering for divorce or marriages is not compulsory in most States in India.   The separate laws that are found in India govern the Christians, Sikhs, the Hindus, Muslims and the followers of other religions.  In Goa State, there is a uniform code and the region have a common law to divorce adoption and marriage. The Indian Supreme Court banned the triple talaq and this landmark was welcomed by the women activist. The Indian constitutional became effective in 1950 ever since it became the lengthiest written constitution in the world.  The constitution does not contain the Indian administrative provisions only but it also has the provisions from other constitutions over the world. The Indian constitution has the details of the administration of both Union and States.  The federal structure of the government is well elaborated in the constitution and it also defines clearly the powers of both law and the executive powers of Federal and State. The Indian Penal code forms the backbone of Indian Criminal law that was formulated in 1860 by British Raj.  According to the Indian Supreme Court ruling of 2011, the criminal defendant has a right to counsel.  The capital punishment is legal according to Indian Law.  The Indian labor law has been criticised by the World Bank as it is one of the comprehensive laws in the world.

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