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CASE NOTE: Hill v Chief Constable of West Yorkshire  1 AC 53
February 22, 2018
Jesse is considering buying his aunt Karen’s house as an investment. During the negotiations, Karen states, “This house is worth £200,000 and I’ve had two separate valuations from estate agents verifying that, but since I love you so much I’ll sell it to you for £180,000.” Karen has not received any valuations from estate agents and the house is worth only £120,000. Jesse buys the house for £180,000. Two weeks after Jesse has completed the sale and moved into the house, he discovers that Karen did not receive any valuations from estate agents. The same week, Jesse discovers that the value of the house has been reduced to £80,000 due to serious damage caused by the collapse of a supporting wall. At this point, a buyer offers £80,000 for the house. Jesse does not sell the house until three months later, when Jesse only receives £75,000 for the house because of a general fall of the property market. Advise Jesse.
“ The important question… is not whether the UK adheres to a pure conception of the separation of powers… but whether its institutions of government are organized in such a way as to guard satisfactorily against the abuse of power” Discuss the separation of powers in the UK constitution and consider whether the UK system is adequately designed to guard against the abuse of power.