General theory of crime

What elements comprise the social bond for Hirschi? How are ideas from the Chicago School relevant to this theory? What are examples of positive and negative reinforcement and punishment? What is the major difference between reinforcement and punishment? What is meant by life-course theory? How might this theory be used to better understand criminal behavior? What issues might rise when using this theory for this purpose?

Please submit a substantive response. Thanks.

 

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