History of Corrections

To whom is restitution most unfair and why?

The Babylonian Code of Hammurabi and the Judaic Law of Moses have both been described as examples of lex talionis. How are they similar and how do they differ?

What, if any, corrective purpose does the death penalty serve? How does the possibility of executing an innocent person impact its corrective purpose?

What functions are relegated primarily to jails?
Who are the inmates housed primarily in jails?

What has happened to the number of jails in the United States since 1970? What might have caused this change?

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