Sentencing is part of the court procedure which follows a criminal defendant being convicted of or pleading guilty. The judge willdecide on the punishment during the sentencing that is appropriate for the crime.¹ There are a variety of different kinds of punishment that may be imposed on a convicted criminal defendant¹:

  • Fines;
  • Short- and long-term jail or prison sentences;
  • Probation;
  • Suspended sentence;
  • Payment of restitution to the victim;
  • Community services;
  • Drug and alcohol rehabilitation.

Sentencing takes place almost immediately post-conviction, or when a defendant has pled guilty.¹ For sentencing, a judge will also consider other aspects of the offenders life, such as¹:

  • Their criminal history;
  • The nature of the crime, the manner it was committed, and the impact;
  • The defendant’s personal, economic, and social circumstances;
  • Regret or remorse expressed by the defendant.
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