Sentencing is part of the court procedure which follows a criminal defendant being convicted of or pleading guilty. The judge willdecide on the punishment during the sentencing that is appropriate for the crime.¹ There are a variety of different kinds of punishment that may be imposed on a convicted criminal defendant¹:
- Short- and long-term jail or prison sentences;
- Suspended sentence;
- Payment of restitution to the victim;
- Community services;
- Drug and alcohol rehabilitation.
Sentencing takes place almost immediately post-conviction, or when a defendant has pled guilty.¹ For sentencing, a judge will also consider other aspects of the offenders life, such as¹:
- Their criminal history;
- The nature of the crime, the manner it was committed, and the impact;
- The defendant’s personal, economic, and social circumstances;
- Regret or remorse expressed by the defendant.