There are three different groups of social theories: social process theories, social development theories, and social conflict theories. These theories are discussed, basically including the primary differences between the three perspectives and the shortcomings of each. Suggestions include the kinds of social policy initiatives that might be developed to reduce crimeaccording to each perspective. Weaknesses and recommendations for improvement are included.
The Social Development Theory the belief is that a child’s cognitive behavior begins on a social level in the child’s relationships with others and leads to an individual concept inside himself. Weaknesses and suggestions for improvement in this area are discussed.
Two different emphases occur in the Conflict Perspective. They both purport that there are two social classes and their interests are opposite. One group believes that power comes through ownership, but the other attributes power to those in authority and that power is not necessarily the same according to the institution in which it exists. Again, the weaknesses are discussed along with suggestions for improvements.
Finally, social policy initiatives are suggested that could reduce crime and recidivism.