The Courts and Punishment

Why is punishment dispensed out after a criminal conviction? There are numerous theories behind this idea including general and specific deterrence, retribution, revenge etc. Select one type of conventional sentence (imprisonment, probation, etc.) and one non-traditional option (boot camp, community service, etc.) and analyze them as to whether they fulfill the rationales behind the application of punishment. If they don’t, why are they utilized?

Please include references. Thanks

 

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