The Evolution of the U.S. Criminal Justice System

How did the current criminal justice system in the United States evolve?

I want help in bring together how law started with the colonies and evolved to where it is today.
What ideas did the colonists bring with them from England?
Was the retention of prisoners‘ purpose for holding or punishment?
Who invented incarceration for penalty?
Why were few found guilty of minor crimes?
Was it thought that convicts were redeemable?
What is meant by the “fine tuning” of sentencing?
Why was the “Auburn System” in New York chosen over the Pennsylvania “segregate” system?
What are alternate solutions today rather than imprisonment?

 

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